Summer Waterfall Tour of Wells Gray Park
Wells Gray Park is also dubbed the “Waterfall Park” thanks to the vast volcanic and glacial history of the area. Layers of lava from volcanic eruptions coupled with the carving effect of glacial activity created the Clearwater River Valley, and many of its tributaries have sculpted the mountains to bare beautiful and dramatic waterfalls.
During the early summer as the snow melts on the mountains the waterfalls begin to swell. A few hours in the park is enough to see the three most famous waterfalls, which are described below. The first waterfall (Spahats Falls) is only a ten minute drive up the Clearwater Valley Road, which means that even if you only have half an hour to spare you can get a taste of what Wells Gray Park has to offer. Each of the three falls described below are only a few minutes easy walk from the parking lot.
The most famous of these is Helmcken Falls. Its discovery was attributed to Robert Henry Lee, who discovered the falls when working along the Murtle River as a land surveyor for the British Columbia Government. It was said that on the 24 July 1913 he left his remote camp and walked along the Murtle River when he came across the falls. He wrote to Premier of British Columbia Government , Sir Richard McBride and asked that the falls be named “McBride Falls”. Instead the falls were named Helmcken Falls after John Sebastian Helmcken, a physician who worked for the Hudson Bay Company (Neave, Roland (2004), Exploring Wells Gray Park, 5th edition). Dr. Helmcken actually never saw Helmcken Falls!
If you are interested in geology, observe the layers along the Helmcken Falls canyon. Notice the columns? These were formed when hot lava cooled quickly. These columns are intrinsic in the formation of the cave behind the falls. When the water falls over the edge mist is created, and the water from this mist enters the cracks around the columns. When the temperature drops, the water in these cracks freeze, forcing chunks of rock to break off the canyon wall, and the cave slowly forms.
Dawson Falls were also discovered by Robert Henry Lee in the summer of 1913. As the Surveyor-General for British Columbia he was tasked to survey homesteader lots along the Murtle River. Dawson Falls is a 90 meter wide curtain of water cascading over a layer of lava. This layer of lava is over 200,000 years old and sits on a gravel bed that predates this eruption.
You will also hear Dawson Falls being called the “Mini Niagara” due to its similar horseshoe shape.
Dawson Falls is a ten minute walk from the car park. This waterfall can also be accessed via Pyramid Campgrounds via a short 20 minute walk down to a viewing area.
Spahats Falls is 75 meters high, flowing over a lava bed that came into existence about 600,000 years ago. The Spahats Creek carved the canyon all the way back to its present location from the Clearwater River Valley that had already been formed. The creek was able to do so due to the high volume of silt laden glacial melt from the previous ice-age which flowed down the creek.
These are just 3 waterfalls…. what about Silver Tip Falls, Silvia Falls or Majures Falls? Just ask the information Center for your FREE self guided waterfall map.